Everything you need to know about Gluten Sensitivity

Gluten Sensitivity - HealthCodes DNA™

Common Signs of Gluten Sensitivity

If you have ‘foggy’ feelings, gastrointestinal discomfort, or headaches, it is likely that you are experiencing Gluten Sensitivity. Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is caused by an immune response to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and other grains.

If you have celiac disease, gluten triggers an immune response in your small intestine. Over time, this reaction damages the lining of your small intestine, preventing it from receiving certain nutrients (malabsorption). Diarrhea, tiredness, weight loss, bloating, and anemia are frequent indications of intestinal damage, which can have serious implications.
Gluten Sensitivity - HealthCodes DNA™

Gluten intolerance is a medical disorder in which the body cannot handle gluten. Gluten intolerant people experience symptoms similar to celiac disease patients, but they lack the antibodies and intestinal damage that celiac disease patients suffer.

It is crucial to differentiate celiac disease from gluten intolerance caused by non-celiac gluten sensitivity. According to a 2017 study, a blood test should be conducted before going gluten-free to ensure a thorough diagnosis for long-term treatment. If your celiac disease test comes back negative but still has symptoms, you may have non-celiac gluten sensitivity.

What is gluten, exactly?

Gluten is a protein found in grains, including wheat, barley, rye, and oats. It is present in many foods and drinks, including pasta, cereal, and beer. Gluten may be present in various items, including vitamins, cosmetics, and even certain medications.

Is gluten intolerance synonymous with celiac disease?

Gluten sensitivity and celiac disease are not synonymous. Gluten causes an autoimmune response in celiac disease patients. This means that their bodies treat gluten like a virus. As a result of this response, their digestive systems become irritated and injured. A gene mutation causes celiac disease. Celiac disease patients also have high antibodies in their blood, which are proteins that resist gluten. Many symptoms of gluten sensitivity and celiac disease overlap. On the other hand, gluten-sensitive individuals do not have faulty genes or antibodies in their blood.

Is gluten sensitivity the same as gluten intolerance?

Food intolerance is distinct from a food allergy. A food allergy occurs when your immune system overreacts to a specific food, such as wheat. Allergies cause itchiness, vomiting, and shortness of breath. Gluten intolerance is not synonymous with gluten allergy.

Who is at risk of gluten sensitivity?

Gluten intolerance can affect everyone. However, it is more frequent among women. Some people are born with gluten sensitivity, while others get it later in life.

What is the prevalence of gluten sensitivity?

According to studies, gluten intolerance affects around 6% of the population in the United States. It is more common than celiac disease, affecting approximately 1% of the population.

What factors contribute to gluten sensitivity?

Gluten intolerance is caused by several reasons that are not fully understood. Several studies suggest that people may be sensitive to a carbohydrate found in many foods rather than gluten. Carbohydrates are not absorbed as efficiently in their bodies as they should be. It ferments in their intestines, causing disease.

According to other research, wheat may affect the lining of certain people’s digestive tracts. In most situations, this lining keeps bacteria from escaping your intestines. However, the lining may fail to function effectively in gluten-sensitive people, allowing pathogens to enter the bloodstream or liver and cause inflammation. What is the technique for determining its cause?

If gluten intolerance is suspected, it is critical to rule out the presence of a more serious illness such as celiac disease or a wheat allergy. A typical method is to collect a blood sample and analyze it for antibodies that might indicate celiac disease or a wheat allergy. In some cases, further testing may be necessary.

Even once a doctor has ruled out a more severe problem, it can be challenging to determine if gluten intolerance exists because there are no tests. The most common technique to determine whether you have gluten sensitivity is eliminating gluten from your diet and monitoring your symptoms for changes. Keeping a food diary can help a person keep track of what meals they’re consuming and what symptoms they’re having.

Gluten intolerance vs. wheat allergy

When someone is allergic to wheat, their body reacts to a protein contained in wheat, which isn’t usually gluten. Wheat allergy symptoms can be fatal. Anyone who has this allergy and consumes wheat should seek medical attention immediately. A person who is allergic to wheat may have the following symptoms:

 

  • hives
  • swelling
  • Wheezing is one example of a respiratory issue.

Anaphylaxis can develop in life-threatening conditions. As a result of this harmful response, the person’s blood pressure decreases, and they may lose consciousness and stop breathing. While an allergic response needs immediate medical attention, intolerance is not as deadly. It can, however, be inconvenient and influence a person’s overall health. Anyone who feels they have an intolerance or allergy should consult a doctor.

Symptoms of non-celiac gluten sensitivity

Although celiac disease is the most severe form of gluten intolerance, 0.5–13 percent of the population suffers from non-celiac gluten sensitivity, a milder form of gluten intolerance that can nevertheless cause symptoms. The following are some of the most common non-celiac gluten sensitivity symptoms. Many of these symptoms arise immediately after consuming gluten. The specific combination of symptoms, on the other hand, may differ. When gluten-intolerant persons include gluten-containing foods in their usual diet, they report the following symptoms as the most common.

Gluten Sensitivity - HealthCodes DNA™

1. Diarrhea and constipation

Gluten sensitivity causes constipation, tiredness, headaches, and nausea. According to individuals who experience it, regular episodes of diarrhea and constipation are standard indicators of gluten sensitivity. It’s normal to experience stomach issues regularly but having them regularly might indicate an underlying ailment. Diarrhea and constipation are frequent celiac disease symptoms. As a result of the sickness, they may have abnormally foul-smelling feces, resulting in insufficient nutrient absorption.

Gluten Sensitivity - HealthCodes DNA™

 

2. Bloating

Bloating is another common symptom described by gluten-sensitive people. This is the uncomfortable and lingering sensation of a full stomach. It’s also common to have a gas buildup. Overeating is the most prevalent cause of bloating, but several other circumstances may also cause it. Bloating can occur regularly in gluten-sensitive people and is not always related to the quantity of food they ingest.

 

3. Abdominal discomfort

A multitude of things might also contribute to abdominal pain. People who claim gluten intolerance, on the other hand, generally have a stomach ache that isn’t caused by anything else.

 

4. Exhaustion

Fatigue is another symptom that may be difficult to identify since it can be caused by many variables unconnected to any medical concern. Gluten intolerance can induce chronic tiredness, making it challenging to function regularly.

 

5. Vomiting and nausea

Gluten intolerant people may also experience nausea, particularly after eating a gluten-containing meal. A variety of circumstances can cause nausea, but it may suggest gluten sensitivity if it happens regularly after ingesting gluten.

 

6. Migraines (migraines)

Another indication of gluten intolerance is headaches on a regular basis.

 

7. Additional indications and symptoms

Gluten intolerance can frequently induce a mix of these symptoms.

 

Some Other Symptoms of Gluten Sensitivity

Other symptoms connected with gluten sensitivity are possible, although they are less common. Among these are the following:

  • Discomfort in muscles and joints
  • Uncertainty about depression or anxiety
  • Anemia and severe abdominal discomfort

 

What is the Gluten Sensitivity/Intolerance treatment?

There is no recognized therapy for gluten intolerance. However, the majority of individuals get relief from their symptoms by following a gluten-free diet. Your diet should be developed in consultation with your doctor and a nutritionist.

You can also discuss the addition of probiotics to your diet with your doctor. Probiotics promote the development of healthy microbes in the stomach. They may be beneficial for bloating, gas, and constipation. According to some research, using particular enzymes can help you digest gluten. However, scientists are presently investigating this treatment. Consult your doctor before using any enzymes.

Foods to be Avoided in Case of Gluten Sensitivity

Gluten-containing foods include wheat, rye, and pasta, to name a few. Gluten-intolerant persons try to avoid eating anything containing gluten, which includes foods such as:

  • wheat and derivatives of wheat (such as spelled)
  • Malted barley
  • Rye
  • Brewer’s yeast

This exclusion applies to a wide range of meals and beverages. Some of the most common gluten-containing foods and beverages are as follows:

  • Pasta
  • Bread and pastries
  • A wide variety of baked goods
  • Noodles
  • Crackers
  • Cereals
  • Pancakes, crepes, and waffles
  • Biscuits
  • A selection of sauces and gravies
  • Beers
  • Malt spirits

 

Should I limit or eliminate gluten from my diet?

It is vital that people realize that celiac disease affects just around 1% of the population. Although these conditions are uncommon, the symptoms they elicit are widespread, and there are a number of potential causes. As a result, gluten intolerance is a common misdiagnosis. Dietary trends that claim gluten intake is harmful to one’s health compound the problem. There is no evidence that removing gluten from one’s diet has health benefits for people who do not have celiac disease or a wheat allergy. Even for those diagnosed with gluten sensitivity, it is unclear how much benefit a gluten-free diet would bring.

 

How to Eliminate Gluten from Your Diet

While those with celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diet as soon as a doctor identifies the condition, many people with gluten sensitivity reduce their gluten consumption gradually rather than entirely removing it. It may be helpful to begin with, one gluten-free meal each day and progressively increase the number of gluten-free meals. Because people’s symptoms vary in severity, eliminating gluten from one’s diet may not benefit everyone with gluten sensitivity.

Gluten in small amounts may be tolerated by some people without creating difficulties. The majority of gluten-sensitive persons, on the other hand, may choose to gradually eliminate gluten from their diet. Gluten intolerance is a medical condition in which a person is unable to consume gluten. Gluten sensitivity necessitates the elimination of gluten from one’s diet. However, unless a person has celiac disease, consuming gluten on a daily basis is unlikely to cause significant health problems. Keeping note of meals and symptoms can help identify potentially troublesome foods as well as manage an intolerance.

 

How Can You Tell If You’re Gluten Sensitive?

Celiac disease or gluten-sensitive enteropathy is an immunological reaction to gluten, a protein present in wheat, rye, and other grains. Gluten causes an immunological reaction in your small intestine if you have celiac disease. If you suspect you’re responding to gluten, most doctors recommend getting tested for celiac disease first. Gluten sensitivity is a genetic condition that can be passed through generations. It’s common in siblings or cousins from the same family. Each parent passes on a single copy of the gluten intolerance gene and depending on which copy is present, you may or may not experience symptoms.

But how can one know if its DNA contains Gluten Sensitivity genes or not? It’s very effortless and inexpensive to get all the genetic insight regarding Gluten Sensitivity. Get your Gluten (Celiac Disease) – Genetic Food Sensitivity test now before it’s too late. If all of your tests come back positive and you experience similar symptoms, you may be gluten sensitive. Following that, your doctor will work with you to develop a gluten-free diet.

 

Is it possible for someone to develop intolerance suddenly?

The exact cause of gluten sensitivity is uncertain. It’s possible that a person’s symptoms will arise unexpectedly after consuming a triggering substance. Another unknown ailment affecting the gastrointestinal system, on the other hand, might generate sudden or unexpected symptoms. If new symptoms appear, it’s good to see a doctor.

 

Is it possible to test negative for celiac disease while yet being gluten-sensitive?

According to studies, gluten sensitivity symptoms are not frequently related to celiac disease. If a person displays symptoms of gluten sensitivity, a healthcare professional may recommend celiac disease testing.

 

Takeaway

Wheat and other grains can trigger allergic reactions in certain people. They might be sensitive to gluten or another substance. Gluten-free people are deficient in essential nutrients present in whole grains. Grains may also supply a substantial quantity of energy. Anyone considering becoming gluten-free should consult with their doctor or a dietitian about the advantages and safe methods.

HealthCodes DNA’s minimally invasive gluten sensitivity DNA test, as part of our 16 DNA test measure Nutrition Panel, is the safest and most convenient way to discover if you do in fact have a gluten sensitivity. The best way to manage a potential allergy to gluten is to get informed and make the proper adjustments. The sooner you start this process, the sooner you will thank yourself for eliminating sources of dietary discomfort while optimizing your overall well-being and health.

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Full Privacy Statement

This privacy statement applies to all websites owned and operated by HealthCodes DNA, LLC (“HealthCodes DNA”), including healthcodesdna.com and register.healthcodesdna.com Our Privacy Statement is designed to help you better understand how we collect, use, store, process, and transfer your information when operating our website, mobile apps, products, software and other services (collectively “Service” or “Services“).

  1. Key Definitions
  2. Aggregate Information: information that has been combined with that of other users and analyzed or evaluated as a whole, such that no specific individual may be reasonably identified.
  3. Anonymized Information: information that has been stripped of your Registration Information (e.g., your name and contact information) and other identifying data such that you cannot reasonably be identified as an individual.
  4. Individual-level Information: information about a single individual’s genotypes, diseases, other traits, or characteristics, but which is not necessarily tied to Registration Information.
  5. Personal Information: information that can be used to identify you, either alone or in combination with other information. HealthCodes DNA collects and stores the following types of Personal Information:
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    2. Genetic Information: information regarding your genotype (e.g. the As, Ts, Cs, and Gs at particular locations in your genome), generated through processing of your saliva by HealthCodes DNA or by its contractors, successors, or assignees; or otherwise processed by and/or contributed to HealthCodes DNA.
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  2. Principles

The following are our core privacy principles:

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Please review this Privacy Policy and our Terms of Service. By using our Services, you agree to all of the policies and procedures described in the foregoing documents. HealthCodes DNA, LLC is referred to herein as HealthCodes DNA (or “we,” “us,” “our”) and includes all of our commonly owned companies.

  1. What information we collect
    1. Information you provide directly to us
    2. Registration Information.When you register an account with us or purchase our Services, we collect personal information, such as your name, date of birth, billing and shipping address, payment information (e.g., credit card) and contact information such as your email and phone number.
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  3. Information related to our genetic testing services
  1. Saliva sample and bio-banking. To use our genetic testing services, you must purchase, or receive as a gift, a HealthCodes DNA wellness kit, register an online account, and ship your saliva sample to our third-party laboratory. Once received, your saliva sample will be identified by its unique barcode, along with your gender and your year of birth. The barcode label identifies you to us but not to our third-party laboratory. Your saliva samples and DNA are destroyed after the laboratory completes its work, unless the laboratory’s legal and regulatory requirements require it to maintain physical samples.
  2. Genetic Information. Genetic Information refers to features of your DNA that distinguish you from other people (e.g. the As, Ts, Cs, and Gs at particular locations in your genome) and is generated when we analyze and process your saliva sample, or when you otherwise contribute or access your Genetic Information through our Services. Genetic Information includes the HealthCodes DNA Results information reported to you as part of our Services, and may be used for other purposes, as outlined in Section 4 below.

 

  1. Information collected through tracking technology (e.g. from cookies and similar technologies)

Web Behavior Information. We and our third-party partners use cookies and similar technologies (such as web beacons, tags, scripts and device identifiers) to help us recognize you, customize and improve your experience, provide security, analyze usage of our Services (such as to analyze your interactions with the results, reports, and other features of the Service), gather demographic information about our user base, to offer our products and services to you, to monitor the success of marketing programs, and to serve targeted advertising on our site and on other sites around the Internet. We and our third-party partners do not use your sensitive information, such as Genetic Information and Self-Reported Information for targeted advertising. We may receive reports based on the use of these technologies by these companies on an individual as well as aggregated basis. Users can control the use of cookies at the individual browser level. If you reject cookies, you may still use our site, but your ability to use some features or areas of our site may be limited.

As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically and store it in log files. This information may include internet protocol (IP) addresses, browser type, internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp, and/or clickstream data. We may combine this automatically collected log information with other information we collect about you, such as your user profile ID or order number. We do this to improve services we offer you, and to improve marketing, analytics, and site functionality.

When you access our Service by or through a mobile device, we may receive or collect and store a unique identification numbers associated with your device or our mobile application (including, for example, a UDID, Unique ID for Advertisers (“IDFA”), Google Ad ID, or Windows Advertising ID), mobile carrier, device type, model and manufacturer, mobile device operating system brand and model, phone number, and, depending on your mobile device settings, your geographical location data, including GPS coordinates (e.g. latitude and/or longitude) or similar information regarding the location of your mobile device.

Because HealthCodes DNA relies on third-party ad networks who may track you across websites over time for advertising purposes, we are not able to respond to your selection of the “Do Not Track” option provided by your browser. We cannot advise on whether your selection of “Do Not Track” option will have any effect on the collection of cookie information by the third-parties who collect such cookie information on our site.

Third-parties with whom we partner to provide certain features on our site or to display advertising based upon your Web browsing activity use Flash Cookies (Local Shared Objects) to collect and store information. To learn how to manage privacy and storage settings for Flash cookies click here.

Google Analytics. Google Analytics is used to perform some of the tasks listed above. We use the User-ID feature of Google Analytics to combine behavioral information across devices and sessions (including authenticated and unauthenticated sessions). We have enabled the following Google Analytics Advertising features: Remarketing, Google Display Network Impression Reporting, Google Analytics Demographics and Interest Reporting, and DoubleClick Campaign Manager integration. We do not merge information collected through any Google advertising product with individual-level information collected elsewhere by our service. Learn more about how Google collects and uses data here. To opt out of Google Analytics Advertising Features please use Google Ad Settings or the links provided in section 2.b.c.ii (“Targeted advertising” service providers). To opt out of Google Analytics entirely please use this link.

  1. Other Types of Information.

We are always working to enhance our Services with new products, applications and features that may result in the collection of new and different types of information. We will update our privacy statement, as needed.

  1. How we use and share information

HealthCodes DNA will use and share your personal information with third-parties only in the ways that are described in this privacy statement.

  1. Using information to provide, analyze and improve our Services

We use the information described above in Section 3 to operate, provide, analyze and improve our Services. These activities may include, among other things, using your information in a manner consistent with other commitments in this privacy statement, to:

  1. open your account, enable purchases and process payments, communicate with you, and implement your requests (e.g., referrals);
  2. host our website, run our mobile application(s), authenticate your visits, provide custom, personalized content and information, and track your usage of our Services;
  • conduct analytics to improve and enhance our Services;
  1. offer new products or services to you, including through emails, promotions or contests;
  2. implement online marketing campaigns and targeted advertising, including by utilizing third-party ads (subject to your cookie settings and preferences), and to measure the effectiveness of our marketing and targeted advertising;
  3. conduct surveys or polls, and obtain testimonials;
  • process and deliver your genetic testing results;
  • perform research & development activities, which may include, for example, conducting data analysis and research in order to develop new or improve existing products and services, and performing quality control activities.

You may be able to opt-in, opt-out or otherwise adjust your preferences of having your information used for certain of these activities. Please see below to learn more.

We use mobile analytics software to allow us to better understand the functionality of our Mobile Software on your phone. This software may record information such as how often you use the application, the events that occur within the application, aggregated usage, performance data, and where the application was downloaded from. We do not link the information we store within the analytics software to any personally identifiable information you submit within the mobile application.

  1. Using information with your consent

You have the choice to participate in HealthCodes DNA Research by providing your consent. “HealthCodes DNA Research” refers to research aimed at publication in peer-reviewed journals and other research funded by the federal government (such as the National Institutes of Health – NIH) conducted by HealthCodes DNA. HealthCodes DNA Research may be sponsored by, conducted on behalf of, or in collaboration with third-parties, such as non-profit foundations, academic institutions or pharmaceutical companies.  HealthCodes DNA Research may study a specific group or population, identify potential areas or targets for therapeutics development, conduct or support the development of drugs, diagnostics or devices to diagnose, predict or treat medical or other health conditions, work with public, private and/or non-profit entities on genetic research initiatives, or otherwise create, commercialize, and apply this new knowledge to improve health care. HealthCodes DNA Research uses your aggregate or individual-level Genetic Information and Self-Reported Information as specified in the Terms of Service.

Consent process for research. Your Genetic Information and Self-Reported Information may be used for HealthCodes DNA Research only if you have consented to this use by completing a Research Initiatives Consent Document. If you have completed a Research Initiatives Consent Document:

  1. Your aggregated, de-identified Genetic Information may be used for either philanthropic or commercial research purposes as set forth more fully the Research Initiatives Consent Document.
  2. When your Genetic Information and Self-Reported Informationis being used for research purposes, it will not be linked to your Registration Information.
  1. Withdrawing your Consent.You may withdraw your consent to participate in HealthCodes DNA Research Initiatives at any time by emailing us at support@healthcodesdna.com. HealthCodes DNA will not include your Genetic Information or Self-Reported Information in new research occurring after 30 days from the receipt of your request. Any research involving your data that has already been performed or published prior to our receipt of your request will not be reversed, undone, or withdrawn. If you withdraw your consent for research your Genetic Information and Self-Reported Information may still be used by us and shared with our third-party service providers to provide and improve our Services (as described in Section 4.a), and shared as Aggregate Information that does not identify you as an individual (as described in Section 4.d).
  2. What happens if you do NOT consent to HealthCodes DNA Research?If you do not complete a Research Initiatives Consent Document or any additional consent agreement with HealthCodes DNA, your information will not be used for HealthCodes DNA Research Initiatives and you will not be able to use HealthCodes DNA Services.
  1. Recruiting for external research

Academic institutions, healthcare organizations, and other groups are always conducting interesting new research projects. We want to make you aware of these opportunities. While we do not share individual-level Genetic Information or Self-Reported Information with third-parties without your consent, from time to time we may inform you of third-party research opportunities for which you may be eligible. For example, if a university tells us about a new cancer research project, we may send an email to HealthCodes DNA members who potentially fit the relevant eligibility criteria based on their Self-Reported Information to make them aware of the research project and provide a link to participate with the research organization conducting the study.

  1. Information we share with third-parties
  • General service providers.We share the information described above in Section 3 with our service providers, as necessary to provide their services to us. Service providers are third-parties (other companies or individuals) that help us to provide, analyze and improve our Services. For example, we work with third-party laboratories and contractors to process and analyze your saliva sample for purposes of generating your Genetic Information

NOTE: Our service providers act on HealthCodes DNA’s behalf. While we implement procedures and contractual terms to protect the confidentiality and security of your information, we cannot guarantee the confidentiality and security of your information due to the inherent risks associated with storing and transmitting data electronically.

When you purchase a testing kit and report from HealthCodes DNA, you are instructed to send a saliva sample to our third-party laboratory with a unique barcode label. The unique barcode identifies you to us but not to the laboratory. We may also be required to provide to the laboratory, your sex and date of birth or age pursuant to clinical laboratory requirements such as the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA). No other Registration Information such as your name, address, email, phone number or other contact information) is required or provided to the laboratory. The receiving personnel at the laboratory will remove and discard your “sender information” from the packaging (e.g., name, address) before testing personnel receive the samples for processing. Receiving personnel do not perform testing, and testing personnel handle saliva samples that are labeled only with the unique barcode. DNA and saliva samples are destroyed after the laboratory completes its work, provided that laboratory legal and regulatory requirements no longer require the actual samples to be maintained. A de-identified copy of genotyping data may be kept in accordance with CLIA. The laboratory securely sends the resulting Genetic Information to our third party reporting company along with your unique barcode. Genetic Information is stored securely on our servers; the laboratory also stores your Genetic Information, but again, labeled only with the barcode.

  • “Targeted advertising” service providers.We may permit third-party advertising networks and providers to collect Web Behavior Information on our Service to help us to deliver targeted online advertisements (“ads”) to you. They use cookies and similar technologies (such as JavaScript, beacons, device identifiers, location data, and clear gifs) to compile information about your browser’s or device’s visits and usage patterns on our Services and on other websites over time, which helps to better personalize ads to match your interests, and to measure the effectiveness of ad campaigns.

If you wish to not have this information used for the purpose of serving you targeted ads, you may be able to opt-out of many advertising networks by visiting here and here (if you are located in Canada, click here; or if you are located in the European Union click here). Please note this does not mean that you have opted-out of being served advertising. You will continue to receive generic ads.

  • Aggregate information.We may share aggregate information with third-parties, which is any information that has been stripped of your Registration (e.g., your name and contact information) and aggregated with information of others so that you cannot reasonably be identified as an individual (“Aggregate Information”). This Aggregate Information is different from “individual-level” information. Individual-level Genetic Information or Self-Reported Information of data about a single individual’s genotypes, diseases or other traits/characteristics information. For example, Aggregate Information may include a statement that “30% of our female users share a particular genetic trait,” without providing any data or testing results specific to any individual user. We may provide such Aggregate Information in commercial arrangements with our business partners. In contrast, individual-level Genetic Information could reveal whether a specific user has a particular genetic trait, or all of the Genetic Information about that user. HealthCodes DNA will ask for your consent to share individual-level Genetic Information or Self-Reported Information with any third-party, other than our service providers as necessary for us to provide the Services to you.
  • Information we share with commonly owned entities.We may share some or all of your information with other companies under common ownership or control of HealthCodes DNA, which may include our subsidiaries, our corporate parent, or any other subsidiaries owned by our corporate parent in order to provide you better service and improve user experience. We may provide additional notice and ask for your consent if we wish to share your information with our commonly owned entities in a materially different way than discussed in this Privacy Statement.
  1. Disclosures required by law

Under certain circumstances your information may be subject to disclosure pursuant to judicial or other government subpoenas, warrants, or orders, or in coordination with regulatory authorities, we may be required to disclose personal data in response to lawful requests by public authorities, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements. HealthCodes DNA will preserve and disclose any and all information to law enforcement agencies or others if required to do so by law or in the good faith belief that such preservation or disclosure is reasonably necessary to: (a) comply with legal or regulatory process (such as a judicial proceeding, court order, or government inquiry) or obligations that HealthCodes DNA may owe pursuant to ethical and other professional rules, laws, and regulations; (b) enforce the HealthCodes DNA Terms of Service and other policies; (c) respond to claims that any content violates the rights of third-parties; or (d) protect the rights, property, or personal safety of HealthCodes DNA, its employees, its users, its clients, and the public.

NOTE: If you are participating in HealthCodes DNA Research, HealthCodes DNA will withhold disclosure of your personal information involved in such research in response to judicial or other government subpoenas, warrants or orders in accordance with any applicable Certificate of Confidentiality that HealthCodes DNA and/or any of its third party providers has obtained from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). There are limits to what the Certificate of Confidentiality covers so please visit the Certificates of Confidentiality Kiosk ( https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm).

  1. Your choices
  2. Access to your account

If your Registration Information changes, you may access, correct or update most of it from your Account page. You may also modify and delete certain of your information. Please note that you may not be able to delete User Content that has been shared with others through the Service and that you may not be able to delete information that has been shared with third-parties, though we can work with you to prohibit your data from being shared with third-parties in the future. We will respond to your request to access within 30 days.

  1. Marketing communications

By registering for an account, you are agreeing that we may send you promotional emails about our Services. You can opt-out of such emails by clicking the “unsubscribe” button at the bottom of any of our or third-party promotional email communications. Please note that you may not opt-out of receiving non-promotional messages regarding your account, such as technical notices, purchase confirmations, or Service-related emails.

  1. Information you choose to share with others

You may decide to disclose your personal information to friends and/or family members, doctors or other health care professionals, and/or other individuals outside of our Services, including through third-party services such as social networks and third-party apps that connect to our website and mobile apps through our application programming interface (“API”). These third-parties may use your personal information differently than we do under this Privacy Statement. Please make such choices carefully and review the privacy policies of all other third-parties involved in the transaction. For example, if you have enabled a HealthCodes DNA sharing feature with another person who downloads a third-party app that uses our API, your information may also be obtained by that third-party app developer and, potentially, by other users of that third-party app.

In general, personal information, once shared or disclosed, can be difficult to contain or retrieve. HealthCodes DNA will have no responsibility or liability for any consequences that may result because you have released or shared personal information with others.

  1. Account closure

If you no longer wish to participate in our Services or no longer wish to have your personal information be used, you may close your account by sending a request to support@healthcodesdna.com. When closing an account, we remove all Genetic Information within your account (or profile) within thirty (30) days of our receipt of your request. As stated in any applicable Consent Document, however, Genetic Information and/or Self-Reported Information that you have previously provided and for which you have given consent to use in HealthCodes DNA Research cannot be removed from ongoing or completed studies that use the information. Our contracted genotyping laboratory may also retain your Genetic Information as required by local law and we may retain backup copies for a limited period of time pursuant to our data protection policies. In addition, we retain limited Registration Information related to your order history (e.g., name, contact, and transaction data) as long as your account is active or as needed to provide you services, as well as for accounting, audit and compliance purposes.

  1. Important Information
  2. Security measures

HealthCodes DNA takes seriously the trust you place in us. To prevent unauthorized access or disclosure, to maintain data accuracy, and to ensure the appropriate use of information, HealthCodes DNA uses a range of physical, technical, and administrative measures to safeguard your Personal Information. In particular, all connections to and from our website and mobile application are encrypted using Extended Validation Secure Socket Layer (EV SSL) technology.

Please recognize that protecting your Personal Information is also your responsibility. We ask you to be responsible for safeguarding your password, secret questions and answers, and other authentication information you use to access our Services. You should not disclose your authentication information to any third-party and should immediately notify HealthCodes DNA of any unauthorized use of your password. HealthCodes DNA cannot secure Personal Information that you release on your own or that you request us to release.

Your information collected through the Service may be stored and processed in the United States or any other country in which HealthCodes DNA or its subsidiaries, affiliates or service providers maintain facilities and, therefore, your information may be subject to the laws of those other jurisdictions which may be different from the laws of your country of residence.

  1. Business transactions

In the event that HealthCodes DNA goes through a business transition such as a merger, acquisition by another company, or sale of all or a portion of its assets, your information will likely be among the assets transferred. In such a case, your information would remain subject to the promises made in any pre-existing Privacy Statement.

  1. Linked websites

HealthCodes DNA provides links to third-party websites operated by organizations not affiliated with HealthCodes DNA. HealthCodes DNA does not disclose your information to organizations operating such linked third-party websites. HealthCodes DNA does not review or endorse, and is not responsible for, the privacy practices of these organizations. We encourage you to read the privacy statements of each and every website that you visit. This Privacy Statement applies solely to information collected by HealthCodes DNA.

  1. Children’s privacy

HealthCodes DNA is committed to protecting the privacy of children as well as adults. Neither HealthCodes DNA nor any of its Services are designed for, intended to attract, or directed toward children under the age of 18. A parent or guardian, however, may collect a saliva sample from, create an account for, and provide information related to, his or her child. The parent or guardian assumes full responsibility for ensuring that the information that he/she provides to HealthCodes DNA about his or her child is kept secure and that the information submitted is accurate.

  1. Changes to this Privacy Statement

Whenever this Privacy Statement is changed in a material way, a notice will be posted as part of this Privacy Statement and on our customers’ account login pages for 30 days. After 30 days the changes will become effective. In addition, all customers will receive an email with notification of the changes prior to the change becoming effective.

  1. Contact Information

If you have questions about this Privacy Statement, please email HealthCodes DNA at info@HealthCodesDNA.com.